Lectio praecursoria: Theory of control tuning – the processing of control in migration-related place coping

  • Saija Niemi Helsinki Institute of Urban and Regional Studies, University of Helsinki

Abstract

In this lectio praecursoria, which I presented as part of my doctoral defence at the University of Helsinki on 26 October 2018, I introduce a new migration-related control theory that I developed in my doctoral research. The theory of control tuning is a middle-range theory that closes the gap between empirical data and formal theory. The theory is mainly based on primary data from South Sudanese migration, which I brought from the descriptive level to the conceptual level by using classic grounded theory methodology. The theory of control tuning explains how various migration actors process control in their everyday life in order to manage and govern feelings, information, actions and people as well as ownership of situations and objects. Control tuning refers to the action of modifying control, and it occurs through particular control-tuning paths. These control-tuning paths consist of control-tuning causes, strategies, outcomes, intervening factors and conditions. Control-tuning paths appear in relation to the behavioural arena of migration. This behavioural arena includes the elements, circumstances, relationships and objects of the physical, social, political, cultural and economic world with which migration actors come into contact and interact. The main activities in the behavioural arena of migration are place coping, knowledge dealing, encountering authority and link keeping. The theory of control tuning demonstrates that control tuning occurs regardless of whether migration is international or internal or forced or voluntary and irrespective of the status of a migrant, or whether the actor is a local resident or an authority, or whether migration actors move or stay put. Moreover, the theory of control tuning demonstrates that control has significance for individuals and groups of migration actors.

Section
Reflections
Published
Apr 29, 2019
How to Cite
Niemi, S. (2019). Lectio praecursoria: Theory of control tuning – the processing of control in migration-related place coping. Fennia - International Journal of Geography, 197(1), 163-167. https://doi.org/10.11143/fennia.79471